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'VCO could strengthen
By Jess Diaz
Philippine Star) Updated May 03, 2009
Philippines – Virgin coconut oil or VCO could be
the country’s weapon against the deadly H1N1 flu
virus, a new party-list representative said
can be turned into a big opportunity for our
coconut farmers and processors. The high lauric
content of virgin coconut oil is known to
strengthen the human immune system against
microbes and viruses,” said former agriculture
secretary Leonardo Montemayor.
development on the possible use of VCO against
(the H1N1) flu should be accelerated,” he said.
one of 25 new party-list representatives sworn
in by Speaker Prospero Nograles on Tuesday. He
represents ABA-AKO, which he said is made up of
farmers and fishermen.
1121, Montemayor urged the House to immediately
inquire into the government’s preparedness
against the H1N1 flu, which he said has caused
150 deaths in Mexico and has been detected in
the United States, Canada, Britain, Spain,
Israel, and New Zealand.
Montemayor, others who are advocating the
consumption of VCO as an antidote to H1N1 flu
are Dr. Jaime Galvez Tan, vice chancellor for
research at the University of the Philippines’
College of Medicine and former health secretary;
Dr. Fabian Dayrit, dean of the School of Science
and Engineering and chemistry professor at the
Ateneo de Manila University; Cory Quirino,
health and wellness advocate; Danilo Coronacion,
president and chief executive officer of the
Coconut Industry Investment Fund-Oil Mills Group
and former administrator of the Philippine
Coconut Authority; Tess Santos, president of the
Virgin Coconut Oil Producers and Traders
Association Inc.; Cesar Villariba, executive
director of the Katipunan ng Katutubong
Kalakalan ng Quezon; Gerardo Natividad, vice
president for operations of the Maria Makiling
Coconut Resources Corp.; Maria Socorro
Hernandez, managing director of ICONS Management
Consultancy Services; Len Ang-Isleta, general
manager of MARICOR Ads Inc; and Bayani Nito of
A-Curve Alternative Advocacy.
should also inquire if local governments and
defense authorities are prepared to meet local
outbreaks,” Montemayor said.
“If H1N1 flu
should infect residents of a community, how will
government stop its spread to other areas?” he
He urged the
House, through its committees on health,
agriculture and food, and other committees to
determine whether anti-flu vaccines and other
remedies are readily available, or need to be
quickly developed and prepositioned in
sufficient quantities to ensure the people’s
health and safety
More atical -
Fight the Swine
Flu with Virgin Coconut Oil
virgin coconut oil
Antibiotics still work for
most bacterial infections; viruses, however, are another
matter. They are all, in a sense, supergerms because
there are no drugs that can effectively kill them.
Antibiotics are only useful against bacteria, not
viruses. To date , no grugs have been developed that
can effectively eradicate viruses and cure the illnesses
they cause. Antiviral drugs may reduce the severity of
the infections but do not eliminate them completely.
That is why there is no cure for the common cold – a
viral infection. Whwen you get aviral infection such as
a cold, flu, herpers, or mononucleosis, there is little
the doctor can do for you. The doctor’s only option is
to help you feel a little more confortable by reducing
the severity of the symptoms while your body fights the
The most effective
weapons against viruses are vaccines, but tese are used
to prevent disease, not treat it. Vaccines used dead or
weakened viruses that are injected into the body. The
body recognizes a vaccine as a viral infection and
mounts a feverish attack by producing its own
“antiviral” compounds, called antibodies. These
vaccines, however, have the potential to cause
infections and other illnesses, so they aren’t
completely safe. Viruses are continually mutating and
new strains emerging, so vaccines for most of them
aren’t available. The only real protection against viral
infections is our body’s own natural defenses.
Because they is no cure
for viral infections, they can become deadly, especially
individuals with depressed immunity. Many children and
elderly die each year from flu that ordinarily would not
be fatal. One of the most hideous outbreaks in modern
times is AIDS, caused by the human immunodeficiency
virus (HIV), and the latest is H1N1 . Particularly the
HIV virus attacks the cells of the immune system,
leaving the person vulnerable to infection by any number
of opportunistic organism. Infection by these organism
eventually causes the victim’s death. As yet, none of
the antiviral drugs can stop it.
We are in the age of
supergerms, and our environment is teaming with
microorganisms. They are in the air, we breathe, the
food we eat, and the water we drink, and they even live
on our skin. Many of these germs cause disease. Some
have become drug-resistant supergerms. Medications
can’t be relied on to protect us against all infectious
organisms.. Fortunately , nature has provided us a
number of medicinal plants to help protect us from
attack by these harmful pests. Coconut is one of these.
We need something more to boost our immune system and
help us fight these troublesome invaders – a super
antimicrobial, virgin coconut oil.
Virgin coconut oil : A
When coconut oil is
eaten, the body transforms its unique fatty acid into
powerful antimicrobial powerhouse capable of defeating
some of the most notorious disease-causing
microorganisms. Even the supergerms are vulnerable to
these lifesaving coconut derivatives. The unique
properties of coconut oil make it, in essence, a natural
antibacterial, anti viral, antifungal and antiprotozoal
Most bacteria and viruses
are encased in a coat of lipid (fats). The fatty acids
that make up this outer membrane or skin enclose the
organism’s DNA and other cellular materials. But, unlike
our skin, which is relatively tough, the membrane of
these microorganisms is nearly fluid. The fatty acids in
the membrane are loosely attached, giving the membrane a
remarkable degree of mobility and flexibility. This
unique property allows these organism to move, bend, and
squeeze through the tiniest opening.
viruses, such as Human immunodeficiency virus HIV-1 or
HIV+ , Influenza virus,
Herpes simplex virus-1 &2 and many others and lipid
coated bacteria, such as listeria monocytogenes,
Staphylococcus aureus and many others are easily killed
by MCFAs, which primarily destroy these organism
by disrupting their lipid membranes. Medium-chain fatty
acids, being similar to those in the microorganism’s
membrane, are easily attracted to and absorbed into it.
Unlike the other fatty acids in the membrane, MCFAs are
much smaller and therefore weaken the already nearly
fluid membrane to such a degree that it disintegrates.
The membrane literally splits open, spilling its insides
and killing the organism. Our white blood cells quickly
clean up and dispose of the cellular debris. MCFAs kill
invading organisms without causing any known harm to
However, there is evidence
from some recent studies that one antimicrobial effect
of monolaurin is related to its interference with signal
transduction in cell replication.
2009 flu pandemic,
isolated from patients in the United States was found to be made up of
genetic elements from four different flu viruses – North American
Mexican influenza, North American avian influenza, human influenza, and
swine influenza virus typically found in Asia and Europe – "an unusually
mix of genetic sequences." This new strain appears to be a result of
viruses, in all four different strains of subtype H1N1.
Preliminary genetic characterization
found that the
(HA) gene was similar to that of swine flu viruses present in U.S. pigs
since 1999, but the
(M) genes resembled versions present in European swine flu isolates. The
six genes from American swine flu are themselves mixtures of swine flu,
bird flu, and human flu viruses. While viruses with this genetic makeup
had not previously been found to be circulating in humans or pigs, there
is no formal national surveillance system to determine what viruses are
circulating in pigs in the U.S.
On June 11, 2009, the WHO declared an H1N1 pandemic, moving the alert
level to phase 6, marking the first global pandemic since the 1968
Hong Kong flu.
various types of
viruses in humans. Solid squares show the appearance of a new strain,
pandemics. Broken lines indicate
uncertain strain identifications.
Influenza A virus
strains are categorized according to two proteins found on the surface
of the virus:
(N). All influenza A viruses contain hemagglutinin and neuraminidase,
but the structures of these proteins differ from strain to strain, due
in the viral genome.
Influenza A virus
strains are assigned an H number and an N number based on which forms of
these two proteins the strain contains. There are 16 H and 9 N subtypes
known in birds, but only H 1, 2 and 3, and N 1 and 2 are commonly found
Structure of the influenza virion. The
(NA) proteins are shown on the surface of the particle. The viral RNAs
that make up the genome are shown as red coils inside the particle and
bound to Ribonuclear Proteins (RNPs).
is pleomorphic, the envelope can occur in spherical and filamentous
forms. In general the virus's morphology is
spherical with particles 50 to 120
in diameter, or filamentous virions 20 nm in diameter and 200 to 300
(-3000) nm long. There are some 500 distinct spike-like surface
projections of the envelope
each projecting 10 to 14 nm from the surface with some types (i.e.
(HEF)) densely dispersed over the surface, and with others (i.e.
(HA)) spaced widely apart.
(HA) is interposed irregularly by clusters of
(NA), with a ratio of HA to NA of about 4-5 to 1.
membranes enclose the nucleocapsids;
nucleoproteins of different size classes with a loop at each end; the
arrangement within the virion is uncertain. The nucleocapsids are
filamentous and fall in the range of 50 to 130 nm long and 9 to 15 nm in
diameter. They have a helical symmetry.
Viruses of this family contain 7 to 8
segments of linear
single stranded RNA.
The total genome length is
(nt). The largest segment 2300-2500 nt; of second largest 2300-2500 nt;
of third 2200-2300 nt; of fourth 1700-1800 nt; of fifth 1500-1600 nt; of
sixth 1400-1500 nt; of seventh 1000-1100 nt; of eighth 800-900 nt.
Genome sequence has terminal repeated sequences; repeated at both ends.
Terminal repeats at the 5'-end 12-13 nucleotides long. Nucleotide
sequences of 3'-terminus identical; the same in genera of same family;
most on RNA (segments), or on all RNA species. Terminal repeats at the
3'-end 9-11 nucleotides long. Encapsidated nucleic acid is solely
genomic. Each virion may contain defective interfering copies.
For an in-depth example, see
H5N1 genetic structure.
following applies for
viruses, although other influenza strains are very similar in structure:
The influenza A virus particle or
virion is 80-120 nm in diameter and usually roughly spherical,
although filamentous forms can occur. Unusually for a virus, the
is not a single piece of nucleic acid; instead, it contains eight pieces
of segmented negative-sense
(13.5 kilobases total), which encode 11 proteins (HA, NA, NP, M1, M2,
NS1, NEP, PA, PB1, PB1-F2, PB2). The best-characterised of these viral
found on the outside of the viral particles. Neuraminidase is an
involved in the release of
virus from infected cells, by cleaving sugars that bind the mature viral
particles. By contrast, hemagglutinin is a
that mediates binding of the virus to target cells and entry of the
viral genome into the target cell. The hemagglutinin (H) and
are targets for antiviral drugs. These proteins are also recognised by
i.e. they are
The responses of antibodies to these proteins are used to classify the
of influenza A viruses, hence the H and N in H5N1.
Invasion and replication of the influenza virus. The steps in this
process are discussed in the text.
influenza is transmitted from infected mammals through the air by coughs
or sneezes, creating
containing the virus, and from infected birds through their
droppings. Influenza can also be transmitted by
Infections occur through contact with these bodily fluids or with
contaminated surfaces. Flu viruses can remain infectious for about one
week at human body temperature, over 30 days at 0 °C (32 °F), and
indefinitely at very low temperatures (such as lakes in northeast
Siberia). They can be inactivated easily by
The viruses bind
to a cell through interactions between its
sugars on the surfaces of
in the lung and throat (Stage 1 in infection figure). The cell imports
the virus by
In the acidic
part of the haemagglutinin protein fuses the viral envelope with the
vacuole's membrane, releasing the viral RNA (vRNA) molecules, accessory
(Stage 2). These proteins and vRNA form a complex that is transported
where the RNA-dependent RNA transcriptase begins transcribing
complementary positive-sense vRNA (Steps 3a and b). The vRNA is either
exported into the cytoplasm and translated (step 4), or remains in the
nucleus. Newly-synthesised viral proteins are either secreted through
onto the cell surface (in the case of neuraminidase and hemagglutinin,
step 5b) or transported back into the nucleus to bind vRNA and form new
viral genome particles (step 5a). Other viral proteins have multiple
actions in the host cell, including degrading cellular
and using the released
for vRNA synthesis and also inhibiting
of host-cell mRNAs.
vRNAs that form the
genomes of future viruses, RNA-dependent RNA
transcriptase, and other viral proteins are assembled into a virion.
Hemagglutinin and neuraminidase molecules cluster into a bulge in the
cell membrane. The vRNA and viral core proteins leave the nucleus and
enter this membrane protrusion (step 6). The mature virus buds off from
the cell in a sphere of host phospholipid membrane, acquiring
hemagglutinin and neuraminidase with this membrane coat (step 7). As
before, the viruses adhere to the cell through hemagglutinin; the mature
viruses detach once their
has cleaved sialic acid residues from the host cell. After the release
of new influenza virus, the host cell dies.
enzymes are absent, the RNA-dependent RNA transcriptase makes a single
nucleotide insertion error roughly every 10 thousand nucleotides, which
is the approximate length of the influenza vRNA. Hence, nearly every
newly-manufactured influenza virus will contain a mutation in its
genome. The separation of the genome into eight separate segments of
vRNA allows mixing (reassortment)
of the genes if more than one variety of influenza virus has infected
the same cell (superinfection).
The resulting alteration in the genome segments packaged in to viral
progeny confers new behavior, sometimes the ability to infect new host
species or to overcome protective immunity of host populations to its
old genome (in which case it is called an
influenza virus tend to be labile, but can survive several hours in
mucus. Avian influenza virus can survive for 100 days in distilled water
at room temperature, and 200 days at 17 °C (63 °F). The avian virus is
inactivated more quickly in manure, but can survive for up to 2 weeks in
feces on cages. Avian influenza viruses can survive indefinitely when
frozen. Influenza viruses are susceptible to bleach, 70% ethanol,
aldehydes, oxidizing agents, and quaternary ammonium compounds. They are
inactivated by heat of 133 °F (56 °C) for minimum of 60 minutes, as well
as by low pH <2.
Fight the Swine Flu with Virgin Coconut Oil
MICHELLE OROSA, ABS-CBN News |
05/02/2009 5:29 PM
say there are a lot of cheap, available means to
from contracting the deadly H1N1 Influenza A strain, such as
consuming coconut products,
particularly virgin coconut oil (VCO).
Former Agriculture Secretary and President of the Federation of Free
Farmers Rep. Leonardo Montemayor says virgin coconut oil
has natural properties that boost the
to avoid catching the strain.
“There is no drug that has been proven to be effective against the
virus. Our best cure is prevention. And
VCO helps do that effectively,”
Virgin coconut oil has long
been advocated by industry leaders, members of the academe, and loyal
consumers as an immune-system boosting product that helps
fights several viruses, including
even HIV. Aside from
stronger immune system, other health benefits of VCO include increase
metabolism, prevents weight gain, improves skin and keeps the heart
Dr. Tess Espino of the University of the
Philippines-Los Baños says there is scienfitic basis for the claim,
VCO has lauric acid, a natural
anti-viral, anti-bacterial, and anti-fungal compound.
The statement also said, “Monolaurin, a natural derivative of lauric
acid, has been proven to be effective as well. Because coconut oil is
made up of predominantly of medium-chain triglycerides, it becomes an
efficient and non-fattening source of energy”
“The natural derivative of lauric acid,
breaks down the barriers surrounding
the virus’ cells,
effectively destroying the virus,” she explains.
Espino says the recommended dosage for VCO to be effective is
day. Substituting it as ingredient for cooking would also help.
But Montemayor adds there are also many other ways
one can consume VCO or coconut, such as
using the oil to cook, or eating directly from a coconut.
“Parang Pacquiao match lang yan, para matalo niya si Hatton, he has to
train very well, strengthen himself and his body. Ganun din tayo, we
have to strengthen our immune system against this very deadly virus,”
Both Montemayor and Espino clarify that VCO itself is not a cure, but
if the virus is contracted, then it
would still be effective in minimizing the impact of the strain.
users of VCO attest to its beneficial effect in terms of decreasing the
incidence of sickness. This is consistent with its effects of enhancing
the immune system and strengthening the innate capabilities of the body
to protect itself against viral attacks. This is precisely the
protection that we need against this new flu virus,” they added.
to ask the World Health Organization to conduct clinical tests to prove
the effectiveness of using VCO against epidemics such as swine flu.
Research by Mardi showed that MVCO can destroy bacteria and fungus
simultaneously, does not contain steroid and is rich in Vitamin E as
well as being easy to penetrate the skin in helping the body to get rid
Mardi director-general Datuk Dr Abdul Shukor Abdul Rahman said it was
aware of the potential of virgin coconut oil and started research on the
product in 2006.
"Mardi carried out further studies to produce MVCO which is free from
anti-microbes. It has high marketing potential because of its various
uses and nutritious qualities," he said. - Bernama
What is the A (H1N1) influenza?
It is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A strains of
the influenza virus. It regularly causes high flu outbreaks in
pigs but with low death rates. There are four main sub-types of
the virus, but the most recent isolated influenza viruses from
pigs have been H1N1 viruses.
How does it spread?
Influenza A (H1N1) viruses do not typically infect humans though
they do occur through close proximity or contact with infected
pigs or contaminated areas. Cases of human-to-human spread have
to download or view more facts about the Influenza A (H1N1)
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms are similar to those of regular flu:
Lack of appetite
Vomiting and diarrhoea in some cases.
How common is the A (H1N1) flu infection in humans?
In the past reports of about one human A(H1N1) flu virus
infection had been received every one to two years in the United
States. From December 2005 till February 2009, 12 cases have
Has this strain of flu been seen before?
No. Flu mutates constantly, so it is common for new strains to
emerge. Pigs can also be infected with both human and avian
influenza, and the current circulating A (H1N1) flu strain
appears to contain genetic elements from all three.
Can the A (H1N1) flu be treated with antiviral drugs and flu
The A (H1N1) flu is resistant to two common drugs - Amantadine
and Rimantadine. The A (H1N1) flu viruses are very different
from human H1N1 viruses. Therefore, vaccines for human seasonal
flu would not provide protection. However, a “seed vaccine” has
been specifically tailored to this swine flu and will be
manufactured if officials deem it necessary.
Can people catch A (H1N1) flu by eating pork?
No. The A (H1N1) influenza viruses are not transmitted by food.
Eating properly handled and cooked pork and pork products is
safe. Cooking pork to an internal temperature of 70ºC and above
kills the swine flu virus.
How long is someone with the A (H1N1) flu considered contagious?
People with the A (H1N1) influenza virus infection should be
considered potentially contagious as long as they are
symptomatic; possibly for up to seven days following the onset
of the illness. Children, especially younger children, might
potentially be contagious for longer periods.
What can I do to protect myself from the A (H1N1) flu?
There is no vaccine available right now to protect against the A
However, you can help prevent the spread of germs that cause
respiratory illnesses like influenza by:
Covering your nose and mouth with a disposable tissue or
handkerchief when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue
in the waste basket after you use it.
Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially
after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners
are also helpful
Try to avoid close contact with sick people.
If you get sick with influenza, stay at home and limit
contact with others to keep from infecting them.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
Consult your nearest healthcare facility if you think
you have any of the symptoms.
What precautions are in place in Malaysia?
The Health Ministry’s operations room in Putrajaya has
started a 24-hour monitoring of the situation. The
public can call 03-8881 0200/300 for enquiries.
Those returning from Latin American countries and found
to have flu-like symptoms will be quarantined.
Health Ministry officials are conducting health
screenings on passengers arriving from the United
Thermal scanners will be placed at international
airports to speed up the screening process for A (H1N1)
Public and private medical practitioners have been
instructed to report to the district health office any
patient with influenza-like illnesses or severe
pneumonia symptoms and who had travelled to the affected
countries after April 17.
from the foreign ministry
Where can I get more information?
For more information, go to the Health Ministry (http://www.moh.gov.my/)
or call the Ministry's hotline at (03) 8881-0200/300.
Pusat Perniagaan Sg.Lias
Sg. Besar, Selangor, Malaysia
Tel : 03-3224 8721 Fax : 603-3224 2321
email : email@example.com
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