(Sahih Bukhari)

 Black Seed- Research papers, references and published reports by Scientists

Research on Black Seed is numerous and very wide. Many research papers, references and published reports could be found in large number of data bases. To name a few databases where Black Seed research data is available :- Agricola, Medliner, Napralert etc., For more information you may visit these sites directly.

Given below are some of the research data widely available


1.Abdel, F. A. F. M., K. Matsumoto, et al. (2000). Antinociceptive effects of Nigella sativa oil and its major component, thymoquinone, in mice. European Journal of Pharmacology. [print] 400(1): 89-97. {a} Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Natural Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama, 930-0194, Japan

2. Akova, A. and G. Ustun (2000). Activity and adsorption of lipase from Nigella sativa seeds on Celite at different pH values. Biotechnology Letters. March 22(5): 355-359. {a} Chemical Engineering Department, Istanbul Technical University, 80626, Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey

3. Badary, O. A., N. A. B. Abdel, et al. (2000). The influence of thymoquinone on doxorubicin-induced hyperlipidemic nephropathy in rats. Toxicology . march 143(3): 219-226. {a} Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt

4. El, D. M., M. Barakat, et al. (2000). Effects of Nigella sativa oil on gastric secretion and ethanol induced ulcer in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. [print] September 72(1-2): 299-304. {a} Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

5. El, D. M., N. I. Mady, et al. (2000). Nigella sativa L. oil protects against induced hepatotoxicity and improves serum lipid profile in rats. Arzneimittel Forschung. [print] Sept 50(9): 832-836. {a} Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Drug Toxicology, Alexandria University, Alexandria, 21521, Egypt

6. Morsi, N. M. (2000). Antimicrobial effect of crude extracts of Nigella sativa on multiple antibiotics-resistant bacteria. Acta Microbiologica Polonica. [print] 49(1): 63-74. {a} Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

7. Salem, M. L. and M. S. Hossain (2000). Protective effect of Black Seed oil from Nigella sativa against murine cytomegalovirus infection. International Journal of Immunopharmacology. [print] September 22(9): 729-740. {a} Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt


8. Swamy, S. M. K. and B. K. H. Tan (2000). Cytotoxic and immunopotentiating effects of ethanolic extract of Nigella sativa L. seeds. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. April 70(1): 1-7. {a} Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore, 119260, Singapore

9. Zaoui, A., Y. Cherrah, et al. (2000). Diuretic and hypotensive effects of Nigella sativa on the spontaneously hypertensive rat. Therapie London. [print] Mai Juin 55(3): 379-382. {a} Laboratoire de Pharmacologie et Toxicologie, Faculte de Medecine et Pharmacie de Rabat, Universite Med V, Rabat, Morocco

10. Badary, O. A. (1999). Thymoquinone attenuates ifosfamide-induced Fanconi syndrome in rats and enhances its antitumor activity in mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Nov. 67(2): 135-142. {a} Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Al Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

11. Bhutada, S. G. (1999). Effect of herbal antistressor AV/ASE/14 and galactagogue Payapro on milk production in buffaloes during summer. Indian Veterinary Medical Journal. June 23(2): 135-136. {a} Sawargaon (P),Tq. Mukhed, Dist. Nanded, 431 716 (M.S.), India

12. Bourarach, K., S. Hannin, et al. (1999). Insecticidal activity of Smyrnium olusatrum, Nigella sativa and Piper nigrum against Rizopertha dominica and Sitophilus oryzae. Revue de Medecines et Pharmacopees Africaines. [print] 13: 1-9. {a} Departement de Zoologie, Institut Agronomique et Veterinaire Hassan II, Rabat-Instituts, Rabat, Morocco

13. Ghosheh, O. A., A. A. Houdi, et al. (1999). High performance liquid chromatographic analysis of the pharmacologically active quinones and related compounds in the oil of the Black Seed (Nigella sativa L.). Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis. April 19(5): 757-762. {a} Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40536, USA

14. Khan, M. A. (1999). Chemical composition and medicinal properties of Nigella sativa Linn. Inflammopharmacology 7(1): 15-35. {a} Division of Chemistry, School of Science, Sheffield Hallam University, Pond Street, Sheffield, S11WB, UK

15. Mehta, B. K., N. Singh, et al. (1999). Anti-implantation activity in Artabotrys odoratissimus leaf and Nigella sativa seed extracts. Biological Memoirs. June 25(1): 38-39. {a} School of Studies in Chemistry, Vikram University, Ujjain, 456 010, India

16. Mitra, P. K. and G. Bhowmik (1999). Estimation of mutagenic effectiveness and efficiency of physical and chemical mutagens in Nigella sativa L. Advances in Plant Sciences. Dec. 12(2): 373-378. {a} Dept. of Botany, North Lakhimpur College, North Lakhimpur, AS, 787031, India

17. Mouhajir, F., J. A. Pedersen, et al. (1999). Antimicrobial thymohydroquinones of Moroccan Nigella sativa seeds detected by electron spin resonance. Pharmaceutical Biology. Dec. 37(5): 391-395. {a} Botany Department, U.B.C., Vancouver, V6T 1Z4, Canada

18. Nagi, M. N., K. Alam, et al. (1999). Thymoquinone protects against carbon tetrachloride hepatotoxicity in mice via an antioxidant mechanism. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology International 47(1): 153-159. {a} Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11451, Saudi Arabia

19. Al, G. A. M. A. (1998). Amino acid composition and biological effects of supplementing broad bean and corn proteins with Nigella sativa (black cumin) cake protein. Nahrung 42(5): 290-294. {a} Zagazig Univ., Fac. Agric., Biochem. Dep., ET-Zagazig, Egypt

20. Badary, O. A., S. O. A. Al, et al. (1998). Acute and subchronic toxicity of thymoquinone in mice. Drug Development Research 44(2-3): 56-61. {a} Dep. Pharmacology, Coll. Pharmacy, King Saud Univ., P.O. Box 2457, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia

21. Daba, M. H. and R. M. S. Abdel (1998). Hepatoprotective activity of thymoquinone in isolated rat hepatocytes. Toxicology Letters Shannon 95(1): 23-29. {a} Univ. Med. Dent. New Jersey, New Jersey Med. Sch., Room I-655, 185 S. Orange Ave., Newark, NJ 07103-2714, USA

22. El, K. H. H., A. H. Ahmed, et al. (1998). Antibacterial properties of essential oils from Nigella sativa seeds, Cymbopogon citratus leaves and Pulicaria undulata aerial parts. Fitoterapia 69(1): 77-78. {a} Dep. Bot., Fac. Sci., Omdurman Islamic Univ., P.O. Box 382, Omdurman, Sudan

23. El, N., L. Dandik, et al. (1998). Solvent-free glycerolysis catalyzed by acetone powder of Nigella sativa seed lipase. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 75(9): 1207-1211. {a} Istanbul Technical Univ., Fac. Chem.-Metallurgy, Chemical Eng. Dep., 80626 Maslak-Istanbul, Turkey

24. Rang, S. and A. K. Datta (1998). A male sterile mutant with desynaptic behaviour of chromosomes in Nigella sativa L. Journal of Phytological Research 11(2): 91-94. {a} Botany Department, University of Kalyani, Kalyani, 741 235, India

25. Takruri, H. R. H. and M. A. F. Dameh (1998). Study of the nutritional value of black cumin seeds (Nigella sativa L.). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 76(3): 404-410. {a} Dep. Nutr. Food Technol., Fac. Agric., Univ. Jordan, Amman, Jordan

26. Worthern, D. R., O. A. Ghosheh, et al. (1998). The in vitro anti-tumor activity of some crude and purified components of blackseed, Nigella sativa L. Anticancer Research 18(3a): 1527-1532. {a} Div. Med. Chem. Pharm., Coll. Pharm., University Ky., Rose St., Lexington, KY 40536, USA

27. Youssef, A. A., M. R. Rady, et al. (1998). Growth and some primary products in callus cultures of Nigella sativa as influenced by various cultural conditions and salt stress. Fitoterapia 69(4): 329-336. {a} Hortic. Dep., Natl. Res. Cent., El-Tahrir St., P.O. Box 12622, Dokki, Giza, Egypt

28. Al, O. S. Y., N. M. Ammar, et al. (1997). Studies of some biochemical, nutritional and anti-inflammatory effects of Nigella sativa seeds. Egyptian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 38(4-6): 451-469. {a} Food Sciences and Nutrition Department, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt

29. El, M. M. M., G. A. M. Abdel, et al. (1997). Prevention of skin tumors induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene in mice by Black Seed oil. Oncology Reports 4(1): 139-141. {a} Dep. Zool., Fac. Sci., Univ. Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt

30. Hussain, H. and R. S. Tobji (1997). Antibacterial screening of some Libyan medicinal plants. Fitoterapia 68(5): 467-470. {a} Chem. Dep., Coll. Sci., Univ. Mu'tah, Mu'tah, Alkarak, P.O. Box 7, Jordan

31. Merfort, I., V. Wray, et al. (1997). Flavonol triglycosides from seeds of Nigella sativa. Phytochemistry Oxford 46(2): 359-363. {a} Inst. Pharmazeutische Biol., Albert-Ludwigs-Univ. Freiburg, Schaenzlestr. 1, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany

32. Akhtar, A. H., K. D. Ahmad, et al. (1996). Antiulcer effects of aqueous extracts of Nigella sativa and Pongamia pinnata in rats. Fitoterapia 67(3): 195-199. {a} P.C.S.I.R. Laboratories, Peshawar, Pakistan

33. Aqel, M. and R. Shaheen (1996). Effects of the volatile oil of Nigella sativa seeds on the uterine smooth muscle of rat and guinea pig. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 52(1): 23-26. {a} College Med., University Jordan, Amman, Jordan

34. Bashandy, S. A. E. (1996). Effect of Nigella sativa oil on liver and kidney functions of adult and senile rats. Egyptian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 37(1-6): 313-327. Pharmacol. Dep., Natl. Res. Cent., Cairo, Egypt

35. Dandik, L. and H. A. Aksoy (1996). Applications of Nigella sativa seed lipase in oleochemical reactions. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 19(4): 277-281. {a} Dep. Chem. Eng., Istanbul Technical Univ., Fac. Chem. and Metallurgy, 80626 Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey

36. El, S. O. A. and S. A. Nada (1996). Biological evaluation of multicomponent tea used as hypoglycemic in rats. Fitoterapia 67(2): 99-102. Dep. Pharmacol., National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt

37. Abou, B. L. I., M. S. Rashed, et al. (1995). TLC assay of thymoquinone in Black Seed oil (Nigella sativa Linn) and identification of dithymoquinone and thymol. Journal of Liquid Chromatography 18(1): 105-115. {a} Bioanalytical and Drug Dev. Lab., Biol. and Med. Res. Dep., King Faisal Specialist Hosp. and Res. Centre, P.O. Box 3354, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia

38. Aboul, E. H. Y. and B. L. I. Abou (1995). Simple HPLC method for the determination of thymoquinone in Black Seed oil (Nigella sativa Linn). Journal of Liquid Chromatography 18(5): 895-902. {a} Bioanal. Drug Dev. Lab., Biol. Med. Res. Dep., King Faisal Specialist Hosp. Res. Cent., PO Box 3354, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia

39. Atta, U. R. S. M., S. S. Hasan, et al. (1995). Nigellidine: A new indazole alkaloid from the seeds of Nigella sativa. Tetrahedron Letters 36(12): 1993-1996. {a} H. E. J. Res. Inst. Chem., Univ. Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan

40. Hailat, N., Z. Bataineh, et al. (1995). Effect of Nigella sativa Volatile Oil on Jurkat T Cell Leukemia Polypeptides. International Journal of Pharmacognosy 33(1): 16-20. {a} Clin. Vet. Sci., Fac. Vet. Med., Jordan Univ. Sci. Technol., Irbid, Jordan

41. Haq, A., M. Abdullatif, et al. (1995). Nigella sativa: Effect on human lymphocytes and polymorphonuclear leukocyte phagocytic activity. Immunopharmacology 30(2): 147-155. {a} Dep. Biol. Research, King Faisal Specialist Hospital, P.O. Box 3354, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia

42. Houghton, P. J., R. Zarka, et al. (1995). Fixed oil of Nigella sativa and derived thymoquinone inhibit eicosanoid generation in leukocytes and membrane lipid peroxidation. Planta Medica 61(1): 33-36. {a} Pharmocognosy Res. Lab., Dep. Pharmacy, King's Coll. London, Manresa Road, London SW3 6LX, UK

43. Keshri, G., M. M. Singh, et al. (1995). Post-Coital Contraceptive Efficacy Of The Seeds Of Nigella sativa In Rats. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 39(1): 59-62. {a} Div. Endocrinol., Central Drug Res. Inst., Lucknow 227 001, India

44. Mert, S., L. Dandik, et al. (1995). Production of glycerides from glycerol and fatty acids by native lipase of Nigella sativa seed. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 50(3): 333-342. {a} Istanbul Tech. Univ., Fac. Chem.-Metallurgy, Chem. Eng. Dep., 80626 Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey

45. Al, H. A., M. Aqel, et al. (1993). Hypoglycemic effects of the volatile oil of Nigella sativa seeds. International Journal of Pharmacognosy 31(2): 96-100. {a} Dep. Physiol., Fac. Med., Jordan Univ. Sci. and Technol., P.O. Box 3030, Irbid, Jordan

46. Aqel, M. B. (1993). Effects of Nigella sativa seeds on intestinal smooth muscle. International Journal of Pharmacognosy 31(1): 55-60. Coll. Med., Univ. Jordan, Amman, Jordan

47. Barjat, H., P. S. Belton, et al. (1993). Rapid scan correlation NMR spectroscopy for food analysis. Food Chemistry 48(3): 307-312. {a} AFRC Inst. Food Res., Norwich Lab., Norwich Res. Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UA, UK

48. Bhakare, H. A., A. S. Kulkarni, et al. (1993). Lipid composition of some seeds of central India. Journal of Food Science and Technology 30(1): 54-55. {a} Dep. Oil Technology, Laxminarayan Inst. Technology, Nagpur Univ., Nagpur-440 010, India

49. Dandik, L., G. Arioglu, et al. (1993). The enzymatic hydrolysis of used frying oil by native lipase. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 42(2-3): 119-126. {a} Istanbul Technical Univ., Fac. Chem.-Metallurgy, Chem. Eng. Dep., 80626 Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey

50. El, T. K. E. H., M. M. S. Ashour, et al. (1993). The respiratory effects of the volatile oil of the Black Seed (Nigella sativa) in guinea pigs: Elucidation of the mechanism(s) of action. General Pharmacology 24(5): 1115-1122. {a} Dep. Pharmacol., College Pharmacy, King Saud University, PO Box 2457, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia

51. El, T. K. E. H., M. M. S. Ashour, et al. (1993). The cardiovascular actions of the volatile oil of the Black Seed (Nigella sativa) in rats: Elucidation of the mechanism of action. General Pharmacology 24(5): 1123-1131. {a} Dep. Pharmacol., College Pharmacy, King Saud University, PO box 2457, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia

52. Grover, G. J., S. Dzwonczyk, et al. (1993). The endothelin-1 receptor antagonist BQ-123 reduces infarct size in a canine model of coronary occlusion and reperfusion. Cardiovascular Research 27(9): 1613-1618. {a} Dep. Pharmacol., Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Inst., P.O. Box 4000, Princeton, NJ 08543-4000, USA

53. Kasonia, K., M. Ansay, et al. (1993). Plants used in ethnomedicine for asthma in Kivu (Zaire). Belgian Journal of Botany 126(1): 20-28. {a} Universite Lubumbashi, l'Universite Liege, Fac. Medecine Veterinaire, Pharmacologie Toxicologie, B-41 Bld. de Colonster, Sart-Tilman, B-4000 Liege, Belgique

54. Khanna, T., F. A. Zaidi, et al. (1993). CNS and analgesic studies on Nigella sativa. Fitoterapia 64(5): 407-410. Dep. Pharmacology, Faculty Science, Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi-110062, India

55. Mohiuddin, S., R. A. Qureshi, et al. (1993). Laboratory evaluation of some vegetable oils as protectants of stored products. Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 36(9): 377-379. PCSIR Lab. Complex, Karachi-75280, Pakistan

56. Nergiz, C. and S. Otles (1993). Chemical composition of Nigella sativa L. seeds. Food Chemistry 48(3): 259-261. Food Eng. Dep., Eng. Fac., Ege Univ., 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Turkey

57. Ramage, L., A. L. Blair, et al. (1993). Effect of salmeterol on polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) chemiluminescence in vitro. Journal of Bioluminescence and Chemiluminescence 8(5): 247-252. {a} Dep. Pathol, Univ. Dundee, Ninewells Hosp. Med. Sch., Dundee, DD1 9SY, Scotland

58. Watanabe, K., S. Yano, et al. (1993). Comparative effects of cimetidine and famotidine on the vagally stimulated acid secretion in the isolated mouse whole stomach. Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 61(3): 229-236. {a} Lab. Chem. Pharmacol., Dep. Drug Eval. Toxicol. Sci., Fac. Pharm. Sci., Chiba Univ., 1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263, Japan

59. Al, J. M. S. (1992). Chemical composition and microflora of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) seeds growing in Saudi Arabia. Food Chemistry 45(4): 239-242.



60. Dandik, L. and H. A. Aksoy (1992). The kinetics of hydrolysis of Nigella sativa (black cumin) seed oil catalyzed by native lipase in ground seed. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 69(12): 1239-1241. {a} Istanbul Technical Univ., Fac. Chemistry-Metallurgy, Chemical Eng. Dep., 80626 Maslak-Istanbul, Turkey

61. Rahman, A. U., S. Malik, et al. (1992). Nigellimine: A new isoquinoline alkaloid from the seeds of Nigella sativa. Journal Of Natural Products 55(5): 676-678.

62. Salomi, N. J., S. C. Nair, et al. (1992). Antitumour principles from Nigella sativa seeds. Cancer Letters 63(1): 41-46.

63. Tennekoon, K. H., S. Jeevathayaparan, et al. (1992). Evaluation of possible galactagogue activity of a selected group of Sri Lankan medicinal plants. Journal of the National Science Council of Sri Lanka 20(1): 33-41. {a} Dep. Physiol., Fac. Med., Univ. Colombo, Colombo

64. Vohora, S. B. and P. C. Dandiya (1992). Herbal analgesic drugs. Fitoterapia 63(3): 195-207.

65. Akhtar, M. S. and I. Javed (1991). Efficacy of Nigella sativa Linn. seeds against Moniezia infection in sheep. Indian Veterinary Journal 68(8): 726-729.

67. Das, J. L., A. K. Dutta, et al. (1991). PH dependence of protease (S?) and amylase activity and amylase isozymes in control and mutant lines of Nigella sativa L. Bangladesh Journal Of Botany 20(2): 117-124.

68. Hanafy, M. S. M. and M. E. Hatem (1991). Studies on the antimicrobial activity of Nigella sativa seed (black cumin). Journal Of Ethnopharmacology 34(2-3): 275-278.

69. Nair, S. C., M. J. Salomi, et al. (1991). Modulatory effects of Crocus sativus and Nigella sativa extracts on cisplatin-induced toxicity in mice. Journal Of Ethnopharmacology 31(1): 75-84.

70. Tennekoon, K. H., S. Jeevathayaparan, et al. (1991). Possible hepatotoxicity of Nigella sativa seeds and Dregea volubilis leaves. Journal Of Ethnopharmacology 31(3): 283-290.

71. Agarwal, C., A. Narula, et al. (1990). Effect of seeds of "kalaunji" (Nigella sativa L.) on the fertility and sialic acid content of the reproductive organs of the male rat. Geobios 17(5-6): 269-272.

72. Siddiqui, T. O., H. A. Kan, et al. (1990). Probable role of trace elements of some medicinal plants in cardiovascular diseases. Acta Manilana 38: 19-24.

73. Ustun, G., L. Kent, et al. (1990). Investigation of the technological properties of Nigella sativa (black cumin) seed oil. Journal Of The American Oil Chemists' Society 67(12): 958-960.

74. Akgul, A. (1989). Antimicrobial activity of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) essential oil. Gazi Universitesi Eczacilik Fakultesi Dergisi 6(1): 63-68.

75. Hasan, C. M., M. Ahsan, et al. (1989). In vitro antibacterial screening of the oils of Nigella sativa seeds. Bangladesh Journal Of Botany 18(2): 171-174.

76. Islam, S. K. N., M. Ahsan, et al. (1989). Antifungal activities of the oils of Nigella sativa seeds. Pakistan Journal Of Pharmaceutical Sciences 2(1): 25-28.

77. Kumar, B. H. and S. S. Thakur (1989). Effect of certain non-edible seed oils on growth regulation in Dysdercus similis (F). Journal Of Animal Morphology And Physiology 36(2): 209-218.

78. Ansari, A. A., S. Hassan, et al. (1988). Structural studies on a saponin isolated from Nigella sativa. Phytochemistry 27(12): 3977-3979.

79. Siddiqui, M. B., M. M. Alam, et al. (1988). Ethno-medical study of plants used for terminating pregnancy. Fitoterapia 59(3): 250-252.

80. Al, A. F. M. and K. Gumaa (1987). Studies on the activity of individual plants of an antidiabetic plant mixture. Acta Diabetologica Latina 24(1): 37-42.

Datta, A. K., J. L. Das, et al. (1987). Electrophoretic characterization and evaluation of proteins in control and mutant lines of Nigella sativa L. Cytologia 52(2): 317-322.

82. Menounos, P., K. Staphylakis, et al. (1986). The sterols of Nigella sativa seed oil. Phytochemistry 25(3): 761-763.

83. Saxena, A. P. and K. M. Vyas (1986). Antimicrobial activity of seeds of some ethnomedicinal plants. Journal Of Economic And Taxonomic Botany 8(2): 291-300.

84. Atta, U. R., S. Malik, et al. (1985). Nigellimine-N-oxide: A new isoquinoline alkaloid from the seeds of Nigella sativa. Heterocycles 23(4): 953-956.

85. Corneanu, G. C., V. D. Simeanu, et al. (1985). Chorologic, karyologic and anatomical studies on Nigella genus (family Ranunculaceae) in Romania. Revue Roumaine De Biologie Serie De Biologie Vegetale 30(2): 89-100.

86. Datta, A. K. and A. K. Biswas (1985). Induced mutagenesis in Nigella sativa. Cytologia 50(3): 545-562.

87. Namba, T., M. Tsunezuka, et al. (1985). Studies on dental caries prevention by traditional medicines: Part VII. Screening of ayurvedic medicines for anti-plaque action. Shoyakugaku Zasshi 39(2): 146-153.

Datta, A. K. and A. K. Biswas (1984). Cytomixis and a trisomic in Nigella sativa. Cytologia 49(2): 437-446.

89. Datta, A. K., A. K. Biswas, et al. (1983). Chromosomal variations in callus tissues of 2 species of Nigella. Nucleus 26(3): 173-177.

90. Singh, R. P. (1983). Search for antifeedants in some botanicals for desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria. Zeitschrift Fuer Angewandte Entomologie 96(3): 316-319.

91. Aqel, M. B. The relaxing effect of the volatile oil of Nigella sativa seeds on vascular smooth muscle. Dirasat Series B Pure and Applied Sciences 19(2): 91-100. Dep. Anatomy, Fac. Med., Univ. Jordan,, Amman, Jordan

92. Aqel, M. B. The calcium antagonistic effect of the volatile oil of Nigella sativa seeds. Dirasat Series B Pure and Applied Sciences 19(1): 119-133. Dep. Anat., Fac. Med., Anat./Smooth Muscles, Univ. Aiwa, USA